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Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

 

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853-1926) won the Nobel Prize in physics for his work with liquefied helium.
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a Dutch experimental physicist distinguished for his work in the field of low-temperature physics. He was the first scientist to succeed in liquefying helium, a breakthrough which yielded a previously unattainable degree of cold. This accomplishment won him the 1913 Nobel Prize in physics, in addition to numerous other awards. He is also credited with the discovery of superconductivity--that is, the complete disappearance of electrical resistance in various metals at temperatures approaching absolute zero.
Kamerlingh Onnes was born in Groningen, the Netherlands, on September 21, 1853. His father owned a tile factory, and both his parents were strict, imbuing Kamerlingh Onnes and his brothers with an understanding of the value of hard work and perseverance. He was initially educated at Groningen High School under J. M. van Bemmelan, and in...


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